Unidentified Military Portraits


Item Ref: 002

Carte de visite of the 1860s. A senior officer in some form of undress uniform. Miniature medal ribbons and buckles worn. At one time I was fairly sure that this was Lord Lucan, but I have recently seen an attributed photograph of Lucan, taken at approximately the same time, showing him with white hair and dark whiskers. He was also rather fatter in the face, and looked much heavier overall. So, not Lucan, then - but who?

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 003

Carte de visite by E. T. Church, 55, Donegall Place, Belfast, c. 1873

This image shows a subaltern officer of the 61st Regiment in undress uniform. The 61st Regiment was stationed in Northern Ireland from July 1872 to April, 1874, in Newry and Enniskillen, enabling the photograph to be dated to 1873 within a year. Officers of the regiment under the rank of Captain in this period were:

  • Hon. Edward John Chetwynd
  • Harry Hutchinson Augustus Stewart
  • James Edward MacDonnell
  • Redmond Uniacke Somerville.
  • William Merrick Fowler
  • Charles Wyndham Murray
  • Frederic John Curtin
  • Robert Hayes Corbett
  • Edwin Law
  • Arthur Edward Wilby
  • Thomas William Crawford Leathem
  • Alfred Charles Fryer
  • Maurice Charles O'Connell
  • Charles Edward Whalley
  • William Mends Forte Trotman
  • Allan Gilmore
  • Francis Herbert England
  • Ludlow Strange Henry Payne
  • Abercromby Anson Craven Nelson
  • Philip de Hoghton
  • Thomas Alexander Hill

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 004

Carte de visite, taken c. 1868-80 Photographer: Unknown. (Re-mounted on 1870s card of A. & G. Taylor, 2, Crown Buildings, 70, Queen Victoria Street, London)

This man is wearing the 1856-pattern stable-jacket of a Farrier-Major. It is possible that he is a member of a Yeomanry regiment. The two medals on his chest are unidentifiable, as they both appear to have suspenders in a style never used for any British Gallantry, Campaign, Commemorative, Life-Saving or Temperance Medal. It is just possible that they are a Turkish Crimea and British Crimea medal, but this is little more than a wild guess. The image has been very badly re-mounted on a carte of photographers A. & G. Taylor. The damage to the carte caused by the removal of another, slightly larger, image is clearly visible.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 005

Carte de visite dating from 1874-80. Photographer: The Photographic Studio of Cavilla & Bruzon, Main Street, Gibraltar

This image shows a Sergeant of the Band of a Fusilier regiment and his wife. The Sergeant is wearing a medal without a clasp, and a red uniform (adopted in place of the white uniforms of Bandsmen in 1873). The only Fusilier regiments to serve in Gibraltar in the 1870s were the 2/23rd, who arrived there in 1874, and the 102nd, who arrived in 1876. On the back of the carte is scribbled the surname "Wayland" (or possibly "Wagland"), which may or may not refer to the subjects. The carte came from the same source as a number of cartes depicting NCOs and Bandsmen in identical uniforms, some which can clearly be identified as belonging to 23rd Foot.

Also in the album was another portrait, also taken in Gibraltar, showing the same couple as in mine, but in this one, the Band Sergeant is wearing no medal. It follows that his medal was awarded during the period of time that 2/23rd were in Gibraltar - 1874-80 - and that he was a Sergeant at the time he earnt it. Although it is very unclear, the medal appears to bear the curly suspension of an Army Long Service and Good Conduct Medal. I can find no record of a Wagland/Wayland of the appropriate age being discharged to pension, or of a Wagland/Wayland of the 23rd receiving an LSGC in the 1870s. Further, I can find no record of a Band Sergeant of the 23rd receiving the medal in this period (although this may be because his appointment was not recorded, and he appears merely as "Sergeant" on the roll). The 2/23rd earnt the Ashanti Medal, with or without the clasp for Coomassie, in 1873/4, so it seems most likely that it is this medal he is wearing. There are thirty-odd Sergeants on the roll, of whom 18 earnt a no-clasp medal, and none of whom has a name anything like "Wayland". One of these must be the NCO depicted, but it has not proven possible to identify the subject of this photograph by name.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 006

Carte de visite dating from 1894. Photographer: Unknown amateur, Roorkee, India

An interesting personalised Christmas carte showing an unidentified Bombardier behind a couple of planks on which are painted the message "A. MERRY. X'MAS. ROORKEE. INDIA. 1894." The Artillery units stationed at Roorkee at Christmastide 1894 were:

15 (S) Company, Eastern Division, RGA
4 Company, Western Division, RGA
22 (S) Company, Western Division, RGA
26 Company, Eastern Division, RGA

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 007

Carte de visite dating from c. 1885. Photographer: A. & G. Taylor, 153, Regent Street, London

The subject of this image is wearing the trade insignia of a Pioneer, and specifically those of a Coldstream Guard Pioneer, who wore a rose emblem above the crossed axes. On his left breast is an Egypt Medal, perhaps with one clasp, and a Khedive's Star. On his left forearm is a single good-conduct stripe. It is unclear whether the subject is a member of the 2nd Bn., in which case he is probably sporting a Tel-el-Kebir clasp, or of the 1st Bn., in which case he is probably sporting a Suakin 1885 clasp. (Of course, he could have served with the Guards Camel Regiment, and picked up a Nile and an Abu Klea clasp - but I don't think there is a second clasp there.)

A. & G. Taylor were one of the most successful photographic companies of the last quarter of the nineteenth century, and the locations of their various branches, as detailed on the verso, is that of the mid-1880s. The Marion & Co. date code (of a pair of quotation marks immediately above the "m" of the word "Imp.") is believed to denote a date of manufacture of 1885.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 009

Carte de visite c. 1885-1890. Photographer: Unknown (probably an amateur)

This unusually-casual full-length portrait shows a man in the uniform of the Corps of Commissionaires, (with the number on his collar obscured by a fold of his tunic), turning to face the camera as he climbs the steps at the entrance to a building. He is wearing his medals.

The Corps of Commissionaires was founded in England during 1859 by Captain Sir Edward Walter, K.C.B. (1823-1904) to provide employment for former members of the armed services. In an effort to find jobs for these veterans, he convinced friends and acquaintances that the exemplary discipline, loyalty and dedication to service that veterans possessed could be put to excellent use in business. He succeeded in finding jobs for seven veterans and thereby launched the Corps of Commissionaires, the world's first private security firm. It is still trading, under the name Corps Security plc.

It is not possible to identify the subject of this portrait, however, his medals can be deduced with a high degree of confidence:

- Second Afghan War Medal with four clasps
- Kabul to Kandahar Star
- Egypt Medal with one clasp
- Khedive's Star

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 010

Carte de visite dating from c. 1868-72. Photographer: Elliott & Fry, 55, Baker Street, Portman Square. W.

This hand-coloured carte de visite shows a fair-haired young man in the 1868-pattern Levee Dress uniform of a Lieutenant of an infantry regiment with the dark blue facings of a Royal regiment, wearing a mourning band on his left arm. The absence of gold paint for the lace/buttons might suggest that the retouching is amateur work, or might be an indication that he is wearing a Militia uniform, with silver lace and buttons. The helmet plate is unfortunately unreadable, but is of the star shape, which was superseded in June, 1869. (Strangely, the verso is inscribed "- February 1872 -".) The central boss does not appear to be numeric, which would limit the possibilities. A negative number (No. 14224) is also given.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 011

Carte de visite dating from c. 1865. Photographer: Unknown

The subject is depicted in the uniform of an officer of Rifle Volunteers. His rank badge is not clearly visible behind his facial hair, but may be a crown, making him a Lieutenant. He appears to be wearing the Spanish San Sebastian Medal, 1836, (also known as the British Legion Medal) and Cross for the Liberators of Bilbao, 1836.

The entire roll of those permitted to accept and wear the Cross for the Liberators of Bilbao contains twenty names, all from the Royal Artillery, as follows:

  • Gunner and Driver Robert Carmichael (b. 1809) was discharged after 21 years' service (including 6 courts martial and 37 entries in the defaulters' book) in 1848 due to the effects of a wound sustained in Spain, and also chronic rheumatism. Possible, but hardly officer material?
  • Gunner Edward Carson (note correct spelling) (b. 1808) was discharged unfit (rheumatism) in 1847. His intended place of residence was Edinburgh. Unlikely, but possible.
  • Gunner and Driver Thomas Coleman (b. 1807) was discharged unfit (ulcers and varicose veins) in 1838. Surely not?
  • F. Holt. There are no WO97 papers for any F. Holt who served in the Royal Artillery. Perhaps commissioned? A possible.
  • Gunner and Driver George Hunter (b. 1808) was discharged unfit (rheumatism) in 1849. No medal entitlement discussed on his papers, nor any intended place of residence mentioned. Possible.
  • 1352 Gunner and Driver Gavin Lander (b. 1802) was discharged unfit (rheumatism) in 1846. He had four courts martial and "frequent" entries in the defaulters' book. He was a habitual drunkard. An unlikely choice for an officer.
  • 1362 Gunner and Driver Patrick McLaughlin (b. 1805) was discharged unfit (rheumatism) in 1847. Intended place of residence was Kilrea, co. Derry. Unlikely, but possible.
  • 1367 Gunner and Driver George Runnett (b. 1804) was discharged unfit (rheumatism) in 1847. No further useful information in WO97. Unlikely, but possible.
  • 1353 Gunner and Driver Charles Taylor (b. 1802) was discharged unfit (rheumatism) in 1846. He had on one occasion been subjected to 100 lashes, the scars of which he still bore. No details of medals or intended place of residence. Unlikely?
  • Gunner and Driver Peter Young (b. 1805) was discharged unfit (general debility) in 1845. Unlikely to be looking so well fifteen or twenty years later?
Plus (ruled out):
  • Brevet-Major J. N. Colquhoun - died in 1853 (Kane).
  • Lieutenant R. Basset - recte Bassett; died 1849 (Kane).
  • Sergeant George Gurnett's (b. 1807) medal entitlement is not discussed on his WO97 form, but he was discharged unfit (rheumatism also) in 1847, with an intended place of residence of Hobart Town, Van Diemens Land.
  • James Lee received the Order of Isabella, and was discharged dead in 1840.
  • 1355 Sergeant Arthur McMaster (b. 1809) was discharged unfit (rheumatism) in 1849. He had the Cross of the Spanish Order of Isabella the Second, the Cross of Bilbao and the LSGC.
  • Sergeant Henry Ormerod (b. 1804) received, in addition to two medals for the Carlist War, the LSGC (1847), which he relinquished in exchange for an MSM in 1849. He was discharged unfit (rheumatism) in 1854.
  • Master Gunner James Spring (b. 1815) was discharged at the completion of his service for pension in 1860. He also served in the Crimea, and had the Crimea Medal with clasp for Sebastopol, the Turkish Crimea Medal and the LSGC.
  • William Cassin. Discharged dead in 1837.

It is, of course, possible that he had received these awards, but had not been granted permission to wear them. Certain members of the medical staff, for example, are known to have fallen into this category. Could he, perhaps, be the Surgeon of a Volunteer unit?

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 013

Carte de visite, taken c. 1863-65 (Date 1860-65 by image, 1863-76 by photographer; 1856-67 by uniform, therefore 1863-65). Photographer: Hyman Davis of 35 Bruton Street, Berkeley Square [London].

I am led to believe that this officer is wearing the frock coat and sash of a Major-General of the Indian Army of the 1856 pattern. His decorations appear to include a CB and a Ghuznee Medal, plus another, which might be an India General Service Medal or, more likely, an Indian Mutiny Medal.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 017

Pair of cartes de visite, dating, probably, from the 1880s.

Photographer: Williams & Williams, Photographers, Arcade Studio, Newport; 20, St. Petersgate Stockport; 154, Conway St, Birkehead; Clarence Street, Pontypool; 67, The Triangle, Bristol; 53, Queen Street, Cardiff.

Brother and sister, or a pair of young lovers, the lad is wearing the post-1874 uniform of a Bandsman of the King's Shropshire Light Infantry, with one Good Conduct stripe.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 018

Carte de visite, dating, probably, from the 1870s or 1880s.

Photographer: A. E. Mount, Beccles [Suffolk]

A subaltern officer wearing what may be an early form of Mess Dress, along with an unidentified full-size medal.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 019

Carte de visite dating from between 1864 and 1868.

Photographer: London Stereoscopic and Photographic Company.

This image shows an officer wearing the 1856-pattern uniform of a Major-General and sporting the insignia of a Companion of the Bath along with two other medals (one of which appears to bear two clasps and may be the Indian Mutiny Medal, or possibly the Second China War Medal, but this is unclear).

The backstamp on the card stock is that known as "Type IIc" - in use between 1864 and 1868.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 020

Carte de visite dating from 1866-68.

Photographer: C[harles] Campbell, 39, Union Street, Inverness.

This image shows two seated men of similar appearance - perhaps brothers - one of whom is wearing a military uniform including a kilt, a plaid, and a doublet. On the lower part of the left sleeve of his doublet is the insignia of a Bugle Major - crossed trumpets over four chevrons, point downwards. (Thanks are due to Frogsmile of the Victorian Wars Forum for this information.) The badge on his forage cap is distinctive, and appears to bear the Sutherland crest, which matches that of the Sutherland Highland Rifle Volunteers. (My grateful thanks are due to Lars Latten for pointing this out.) The dicing on the cap appears to be the Sutherland red-and-white check. (I am indebted to jf42 of the Victorian Wars Forum for this information.) His sporran is plain, and his hose dark - probably red and green. It would appear that this is the uniform of the Sutherland Highland RVC.

Charles Campbell, a clock- and watchmaker, moved to 39 Union Street, Inverness, in October, 1865; he first started advertising as a photographer at that address on 12th July, 1866; and he sold everything he owned by auction in order to "move South" in May of 1868. Whilst that dates the portrait quite firmly to 1867 (+/- 5 months), it does leave a faint query over the identification of the uniform as that of a volunteer unit based almost a hundred miles away. Perhaps the explanation is as simple as that the other man is the Bugle Major's brother, and it was he who lived in Inverness.

So, just who was the Bugle Major of the Sutherland Highlander Rifle Volunteer Corps in 1867?

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 021

Carte de visite dating from the early-to-mid 1860s.

Photographer: Newland & Co., Portsmouth.

This image shows an Paymaster of the rank of Lieutenant in either a Line Infantry or Fusilier regiment, wearing the single-breasted tunic of the 1856-pattern uniform, worn until 1868. He is wearing an Indian Mutiny Medal with at least one clasp, and his sword is hanging from the black leather waist belt of the regimental staff. The bicorn hat, without a cockade, is the distinguishing feature of the uniform of a Paymaster. But which one? According to the medal rolls, the following Line Infantry and Fusilier Paymasters (excluding those in Highland and Rifle regiments) received the Indian Mutiny Medal with at least one clasp:

  • Aston, Joseph, 1st Bn 23rd Foot (Royal Welch Fusiliers) clasps RL, L
  • Chambers, David Francis, 75th Foot (Stirlingshire) clasp D
  • Cunningham, Michael Joseph, 88th Foot (1st Connaught Rangers) clasp CI
  • Eddy, George Henry, 84th Foot (York & Lancaster) clasp L
  • Forster, Frederick Blanco, 1st Bn 5th Foot (Northumberland Fusiliers) clasp L
  • Giddings, John, 32nd Foot (Cornwall) clasp DL
  • Grant, Andrew, 61st Foot (South Gloucestershire) clasp D
  • Huddlestone, G. Egerton, 1st Bn 8th Foot (The King's) clasp D
  • Morris, Maxwell Kirwan, 95th Foot (Derbyshire) clasp CI
  • Smith, Thomas, 97th Foot (Earl of Ulster's) clasp L
  • Thompson, Robert, 53rd Foot (Shropshire) clasps RL, L
  • Twibill, James, 38th Foot (South Staffordshire) clasp L
  • Williams, Samuel, 90th Foot (Perthshire Vols) clasp L
Of these, Aston is noted on the roll as retired from the Army; Eddy died on 10th April, 1858; and Grant died on 28th November, 1857. Of the rest, Cunningham, Smith and Twibill were each entitled to a Crimea/Turkish Crimea Medal pair; Giddings to a Punjab Medal with two clasps; and Williams to a South Africa Medal and a Crimea/Turkish Crimea Medal pair. Our shortlist comprises, therefore, Chambers, Forster, Huddlestone, Morris, and Thompson.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 022

Carte de visite dating from the 1880s.

Photographer: R[obert]. L. Graham of Graham's Art Studios, Top End of the Parade (No. 6), Leamington [Warwickshire].

The subject is wearing an extraordinary rig-out including a shirt with a wing collar under a Private soldier's tunic, under a (Guards' officer's?) patrol jacket, with the post-1881 rank insignia of a Colonel on his epaulettes. On his cap he displays the pre-1881 numeral of the 28th Regiment of Foot under a collar badge of the 6th Regiment of Foot. He is wearing a group of four miniature medals, comprising the Crimea Medal with three clasps, the Second China War Medal with two clasps, the 5th Class of the Turkish Order of the Medidjie, and the Turkish Crimea Medal. As far as I can see, no officer of 6th Foot, 28th Foot, or of successor units of either, was entitled to this combination of awards.

I can only conclude that this image shows an actor in costume - yet, if it does, the pose and expression are surprisingly understated.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 023

Carte de visite dating from the 1860s.

Photographer: Unknown (no backstamp)

The subject is a private soldier of the 98th Regiment of Foot, in the 1856-pattern uniform that was worn until 1868. He is wearing the Indian Mutiny Medal, either with a clasp, or, more likely, with a second brooch bar. He is carrying a substantial silver-topped cane. Although only three men earned Indian Mutiny Medals as members of the 98th Regiment, many more transferred into the regiment in the period immediately after the end of the Mutiny, so it is not possible to generate a meaningful shortlist.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 024

Carte de visite dating from c. 1856-58

Photographer: Unknown (no backstamp)

The officer in this portrait is wearing the immediate post-1856 uniform of a Subaltern (not on the regimental staff) of either the 7th or 8th Hussars. He is wearing a Crimea Medal with four clasps and no other medal. The cardstock on which the CDV is mounted is square-cut and blank. All the evidence suggests that the portrait was taken between 1856 and 1858. Obviously, if it is as early as 1856, he could have received any number of foreign decorations for his Crimean services. The following junior officers who received four-clasp medals served with the 7th Hussars or the 8th Hussars between 1856 and 1858:

  • Henry John Wilkin, 7th Hussars, late 11th Hussars (Lt., 6th February, 1857). Wilkin earned his Crimea Medal as an Assistant Surgeon. He is the subject of this very well-known equestrian portrait, taken in the Crimea, which does not resemble the individual in my portrait to any significant extent. Not him.
  • Clement Walker Heneage, 8th Hussars (Lt., 3rd September, 1854; Capt., 12th May, 1857) Heneage was not presented with his VC until 26th June, 1857, after he was promoted Captain, so he is a credible candidate, however, as can be seen  in this portrait he sported a full beard and did not have curly hair. Not him.
  • John Reilly, 8th Hussars (Cornet, 19th October, 1854; Lt., 14th September, 1855; KIA 17th June, 1858) Born in 1822, commissioned from Regimental Sergeant Major of 4th Light Dragoons. Left the Crimea for England on Christmas Day, 1854. Remained in the British Isles until sailing for India on 8th October, 1857. It could be him, although he was 36 in 1858 - perhaps a little too old to be the officer in the photograph.
  • Henry Harrison, 8th Hussars (Cornet, 5th November, 1854) Formerly Troop Sergeant Major with 33 years' service behind him when commissioned. Clearly a much older man than the one in this portrait. Not him.
  • William Mussenden, 8th Hussars (Lt. 19th January, 1855, Capt., 31st January, 1858). Born 1836. A later line-drawing of Mussenden seems to show the same man. Mussenden was 22 in 1858, which fits reasonably well with the apparent age of the subject.

I am eternally indebted to uniform expert Tim Pickles for correcting my misapprehension about the tunic, which has led, I believe, to a firm identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 025

Carte de visite dating from c. 1856-60

Photographer: Unknown (no backstamp)

The subject of this portrait is wearing an officer's shell jacket, complete with the black pouch-belt of a medical officer, along with a magnificent "Crimean" beard, obscuring his rank insignia, and a single medal ribbon; his sword is of the infantry (or Staff) pattern. On the stand beside him is a forage cap, bearing the badge of the Medical Staff: a crown over the Royal Cypher.

The cardstock on which the CDV is mounted is square-cut and blank, and comparatively thin, dating it to the earliest part of the CDV period.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 026

Pair of cartes de visite dating from the 1860s.

Photographer: Unknown amateur

Two different groups of infantry officers, posed in front of a clinker-built building on the doors of which are stencilled the letters W A S H H O U S E. A variety of orders of dress are seen, but all date from the period between 1856 and 1868. The reproduction of the helmet plate is not clear enough to enable identification of the regiment in question.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 028

Carte de visite dating from c. 1860.

Photographer: F[rancis] H. Dann, Photographic Artist, 35 Broad Street, Reading.

This CDV depicts a very young-looking Private soldier of Line Infantry, between 1856 and 1868. His bayonet frog and bayonet (for a Pattern '53 Enfield Rifle) are to be seen on the chair, next to his 1855-pattern "Second Albert" shako. The base of the stand which is holding his head steady can just be seen behind his right foot. A negative number, 8278, is written on the verso.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 029

Carte de visite dating from c. 1890, showing enlarged detail from an image taken c. 1860.

Original Photographer: Unknown

Copyist: Sunderland & Hudson, of Birmingham, Walsall, Dudley and Wolverhampton.

The image shows a man around 40 years old, wearing a tunic similar in design to that worn by British Army infantry regiments between 1856 and 1867, a Sergeant's (or Colour Sergeant's) sash over his right shoulder, and at least three medals, including a two-clasp Indian Mutiny Medal, (the other two are possibly a single-clasp Punjab Medal or India General Service Medal and a Long Service Medal) The forage cap badge is completely unfamiliar to me, and must, I suspect, belong to the Indian Army. The collar dogs appear to match the lower part of the forage cap badge, or may, instead, be strung bugles of the type worn by Light Infantry and Rifle regiments. It has been suggested that this might be, for example, the uniform of the 2nd Madras European Light Infantry Regiment.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 030

Carte de visite dating from c. 1890.

Photographer: Bayley & Murphy, of 167 Hollis Street, Halifax, Nova Scotia,

Commission or Warrant Officer of the Royal Navy, wearing three medals, of which one is clearly the Khedive's Star, implying that one of the others is an Egypt Medal. With very little else to go on, this man seems likely to remain anonymous.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 033

Carte de visite dating from between 1862 and 1865.

Photographer: James Russell, East Street, Chichester.

Lieutenant with more than eight years' seniority in the Royal Navy, wearing miniatures of (from l to r) a breast badge of the fifth class of the French Légion d'honneur, a Crimea Medal, a breast badge of the fifth class of the Turkish Mecidi Nisani (Order of the Medjidie), and a Turkish Crimea Medal.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 034

Carte de visite dating from c. 1860-70.

Photographer: A. W. Fraser of Inverness and Elgin

Sergeant (or Staff Clerk 2/3) of Volunteer Artillery. The silver cuff ring is an efficiency badge. The six-pointed star above his rank insignia is the precursor of the more-familiar four-pointed star of the senior NCO Proficiency Badge. No explanation has yet been forthcoming for his magnificent "Crimean" beard, nor for his carrying what appears to be an RA officer's sword.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 035

Carte de visite dating from c. 1860-70.

Photographer: G. W. [George Washington] Wilson of Aberdeen

This image shows a Colonel in undress wearing the Ottoman Kırım Harbi Madalyası (Turkish Crimea Medal); British Crimea with three clasps; Ottoman Mecidî Nişanı (Order of the Medjedie) 5th Class, Indian Mutiny Medal with two clasps and an India General Service Medal 1854, with a single clasp.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 036

Carte de visite dating from c. 1866-68.

Photographer: George Simco of Landport

The seated chap is a Seaman in the Royal Navy serving in HMS Flora (a 44-gun fifth-rate on harbour service from 1851 until she was sold in 1891); the standing chap is a Sergeant serving in the 56th Regiment of Foot wearing the 1856-pattern uniform (which was changed dramatically in 1868). He is wearing a Crimea Medal with clasp for Sebastopol and a Turkish Crimea Medal. The 56th Regiment was in barracks at Portsmouth from March 1866 until early 1868. The pose is typical of CDVs of the mid-1860s, as is the backstamp on the mounting card. It seems probable that the two men were brothers.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 037

Full-plate print mounted on board.

Photographer: unknown

A lovely posed group of officers wearing the 1856-pattern uniform, with several of them sporting medals for service in the Crimea. The caption on the mount, in pencil, is a laconic "33rd c. 1860". The earliest possible date for the image would be 1858 (when the vast majority of the awards of the Ottoman Mecidî Nişanı were promulgated) and the latest would be 1868, when a completely new pattern of uniform was introduced, so the 1860 date is perfectly credible. I see no evidence to suggest that the regiment is not the 33rd, who wore red facings on the standard Line Infantry tunic. Examining the medal entitlements of the officers of the 33rd Regiment in 1860, there is only one officer whose rank and entitlement matches that of the seated Captain with the three-clasp Crimea and the Fifth Class of the Mecidî Nişanı, Captain Charles Carter Barrett. The officer seated to his left, with the single-clasp Crimea and the Sardinian Medaglia d’Argento al Valor Militare per la spedizione d’Oriente 1855-1856 is either Captain Alexander Bruce Wallis, or, more likely, Lieutenant Hon. R. H. de Montmorency (later Major-General, Viscount Frankfort de Montmorency) - it certainly looks like him, and if it is, he exchanged out of the regiment in September, 1861. The identity of the other subalterns is unknown. It is likely that this is an image of all the officers of Captain Barrett's company.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 038

Carte de visite dating from c. 1860-70.

Photographer: Cogan and Simms of Bath

I am almost certain that this is a Major on the Staff in the Indian Army, and very certain that he is wearing five medals which appear to include the breast badge of a Knight (Fifth Class) of the Ottoman Mecidî Nişanı, commonly known as the Order of the Medjedie (centre), as well as an Indian Mutiny Medal without clasp (top right), a Second China War Medal with two clasps (bottom right), a Kırım Harbi Madalyası, commonly known as the Turkish Crimea Medal (bottom left), and another (top left). Logically, the most likely candidate for this last medal is a British Crimea Medal, and the ribbon does seem to be narrower than those of the Mutiny and China medals, but the suspension looks wrong, and there appears to be no clasp (comparatively few British Crimea medals were awarded without clasp). It is possible that this officer served with the Ottoman Army during the Crimean War, was not entitled to the British Crimea Medal, and that this is a medal from an Indian campaign, perhaps the Punjab or Sutlej Medal. It is also possible that his Mecidî Nişanı is of the Fourth Class (and there were plenty of Indian Army officers who received the award in that grade). Only one HEICo officer received the Mecidî Nişanı in the Fifth Class, however, so if Lieutenant John McKenzie Macintyre, Madras Artillery, was promoted Major on the Staff before, say, 1870, and also received an Indian Mutiny, Second China War, and one other campaign medal, that would be a pretty solid ID.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 039

Carte de visite dating from c. 1862.

Photographer: John Chancellor of 55, Lower Sackville Street, Dublin

Given that Chancellor is not known to have operated as a photographer any earlier than 1862, then this officer must be wearing the post-1861 uniform of a Commander of the Executive Branch of the Royal Navy, despite the presence of cuff buttons that were technically done away with in 1856. Additionally, he is wearing a Turkish Crimea Medal with replacement suspension, a Baltic Medal, and a Crimea Medal with a single clasp, almost certainly that for Sebastopol. The ribbon of the first medal appears to be too narrow for the suspension, but too wide to be that of the original ribbon issued with the Turkish Crimea Medal. This medal entitlement was shared by many Commanders of the Royal Navy in the 1860s, and unless an identified portrait of the man can be traced, it seems that he is likely to remain unidentified.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 041

Carte de visite dating from between December, 1861, and June, 1862.

Photographer: Stuart, 120, Buchanan Street, Glasgow

This officer of the Accountant Branch (readily identified by the absence of the executive curl and the fact that his buttons are in pairs) of the Royal Navy is wearing a black armband, almost certainly in official mourning for Prince Albert, who died in December, 1861. That being the case, his three cuff rings denote a rank of Paymaster with 15 years (or more) of service. He is wearing the ribbons of at least three medals, suggesting service in the Russian War of 1854-56. There were no fewer than 53 Paymasters in the Royal Navy at this time with the requisite length of service, the majority of whom had earned medals. Unless someone happens to recognise him, this subject is likely to remain unidentified.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 042

Carte de visite printed between 1875 and 1886.

Photographer: J. G. Tunny's Fine Art Photographic Galleries, 13 Maitland Street (West end of Princes Street) and 11 Salisbury Place, Newington, Edinburgh.

The pose and composition of this image are typical not of c. 1880, as suggested by the backstamp, but of c.1863. This is almost certainly a reprint from an old negative. The subject is an officer of a Civil Branch of the Royal Navy and I am informed that he is wearing the uniform of the Schoolmasters and Naval Instructors. From 1864 Naval Instructors were advanced in rank according to seniority, entering as two stripers and attaining three stripes after 15 years' service; it is not entirely clear, but I believe I may be able to discern three distinct stripes here, although it does appear much more like the single broad stripe of a Commodore of the Second Class. Unmistakable, however, is the pairing of the St Jean d'Acre medal and the Naval General Service Medal with clasp for Syria. Only one Naval Instructor in 1864 had these medals: William Kerr. But is this him? I am not sure. Is this definitely the uniform of a Naval Instructor in 1864 (or thereabouts)? If it is, then it must be Kerr. If it is not, then all bets are off. Kerr is not known to have had connections in Edinburgh (so far as I have been able to ascertain), and he died in 1867, long before this reprint was created, so if this is him, the CDV was not produced for mourning purposes.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.

Item Ref: 043

Carte de visite taken in Lucknow between 1865 and 1867.

Photographer: Mushkooroodowlah, Photographer, Lucknow

The image is of very poor quality, but clearly shows an officer of the 46th Regiment with a leather scabbard to his sword and a peaked cap (that is, he was not a member of the regimental staff) in tropical kit. He is wearing neither medals nor medal ribbons. The 46th Regiment arrived at Lucknow during March, 1865, and departed on 26th November, 1867. During that time the following officers of the regiment (other than those with medals or those on the regimental staff) served at Lucknow.

  • Anderson, George Henry
  • Blanshard, Frederick Hardy
  • Brereton, Robert
  • Bryan, George Berkeley
  • Bury, Charles Dunn
  • Clarke, Philip Percy Doveton
  • Farwell, William
  • Grant, James
  • Home, Robert Gordon
  • Howarth, Richard Fletcher Armytage
  • Law, Henry Patten
  • Long, William
  • Lovekin, James Magenis
  • Low, John Maxwell
  • Low, Robert
  • Malcolmson, Alexander Knox
  • Maydwell, Richard Lawrence William Moore
  • Newman, Henry Horatio
  • Pearson, Charles Christie
  • Radcliffe, George T. Delme'
  • Richardson, William Stewart
  • Serle, Edward Gambier
  • Shuttleworth, Peter
  • Speke, Charles Bejamin Cole
  • Spencer, William Francis
  • Van, Walter de Winton

Other portraits exist of Robert Low, Malcolmson, Newman, Pearson, and Richardson, and none bears a significant resemblance to the officer depicted. I incline to the opinion that the sitter is in his mid-30s, which would limit the possibilities to just one man - George Berkeley Bryan - but friends have guessed his age at anything from 18 to 45, so this may not be entirely reliable as a guide.

Please contact me with any comments, suggestions, or additional information which might lead to the identification of the subject of this portrait.


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